Optical Image Stabilization (OIS)

Optical Image Stabilization (OIS)


  1. A hardware-based method of reducing camera shake by physically adjusting either the lens or the image sensor to counteract movement.
  2. Designed to improve the sharpness of images and videos by compensating for small involuntary movements, such as hand tremors.
  3. Generally more effective than software-based stabilization techniques like Digital Image Stabilization (DIS) or Electronic Image Stabilization (EIS) for reducing blurriness in both photos and videos.


Optical Image Stabilization (OIS) is a feature found in some cameras that utilizes hardware components to physically adjust the lens or image sensor to compensate for slight camera movements. This technology is especially useful in low-light conditions, where longer exposure times can result in blurry images, and for videography, where camera shake can create unstable footage.

How It Works

Gyroscope and Compensation

  1. Detection: A gyroscope within the camera hardware detects the degree and direction of shake.
  2. Compensation: Based on the information from the gyroscope, the system makes rapid adjustments to the lens or sensor, aligning them to counteract the detected movement.

Types of OIS

There are primarily two types of OIS:

  1. Lens-based OIS: The camera lens elements are shifted to compensate for movement.
  2. Sensor-based OIS: The image sensor itself is moved to counteract the shake.

Advantages and Disadvantages


  1. Effectiveness: Typically more effective than software-based stabilization methods for reducing motion blur and shake.
  2. Low-Light Performance: Allows for slower shutter speeds without the penalty of increased blur, thus improving low-light photography.
  3. Versatility: Effective in various scenarios, including photography and videography.


  1. Cost: Implementing OIS generally increases the cost of the camera or device.
  2. Battery Life: May consume more energy than software-based solutions, affecting battery longevity.
  3. Weight and Size: Hardware components for OIS contribute to the overall weight and size of the camera or device.

Best Practices

When to Use OIS

  • Use OIS when shooting in low-light conditions, during handheld videography, or when using slow shutter speeds to maximize image sharpness.


  • OIS is not designed to compensate for large or abrupt movements. For those scenarios, additional stabilization equipment like gimbals may be beneficial.

Care and Maintenance

  • Because OIS involves delicate mechanical parts, handle the camera or device with care to avoid damaging the stabilization system.


Optical Image Stabilization (OIS) is a hardware-based solution for minimizing the negative impacts of camera shake in both photography and videography. By physically adjusting the lens or sensor, it generally provides more effective stabilization than its software-based counterparts. However, this comes at the cost of increased device price, size, and potentially reduced battery life. Despite these downsides, OIS remains a popular and effective tool for enhancing image and video quality in various shooting conditions.

Sebastian Chase
Sebastian Chase

Sebasitan Chase is a mobile digital photographer who enjoys trying out new mobile technologies, and figuring out how to get them to deliver high-quality images with minimal effort.Join him on his mission to help mobile photographers create incredible images and videos with their new-age digital cameras, no matter the form that they may take.

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